Source: Transport & Environment, 2020-05-12
Electric car sales rose dramatically in the first quarter of 2020 - right up until the COVID-19 crisis shuttered dealerships across Europe, new industry data shows. While overall sales plummeted in March and April, plug-ins reached a record one-tenth of new cars sold in March and just under 7% for the first quarter. As Europe tries to avoid a return to the air pollution that scientists say likely left citizens more vulnerable to the pandemic, Transport & Environment (T&E) called on EU governments to promote sales of zero-emission vehicles only - and not polluting ‘Euro 6d temp’ standard vehicles.
Plug-in vehicle sales surged between 6.6% and 9.7% in Europe’s three biggest markets, Germany, France and the UK, in the first three months. In Germany, where dealerships stayed open until 16 March, 9% of new cars sold that month were electric. As a result, the vast majority of carmakers - including Renault, BMW, and Fiat and Tesla through their combined pool - were compliant with the EU CO2 targets already in the first quarter of 2020 before new EV models hit the market. A few carmakers not yet in compliance are expected to catch up, including the VW Group which plans to bring its landmark ID.3 model to market very shortly.
Julia Poliscanova, clean vehicles and emobility director at T&E, said: “The crisis struck at the health of our citizens and at our economies. But the recovery offers the chance to build the clean mobility of tomorrow, not go back to polluting combustion engines again, by supporting the sales and production of EVs, batteries and charging infrastructure.”
The EU car industry wants vehicle purchase incentives to apply to all new cars that meet the 2019 Euro 6d temp standards regardless of their CO2 emissions, thus putting the unprecedented electric car momentum at risk. These cars would include SUV models with CO2 emissions as high as 140-160g/km (WLTP), or way above the targets that carmakers have to hit to avoid fines. T&E said any public support for these cars would risk forcing the market back towards polluting diesels and petrols just as Europe catches up with Chinese carmakers and Tesla in the emobility race.
There are now almost 50 battery electric models on the European market, T&E analysis shows. Carmakers have invested billions in their production, which is set to reach around 3.5m units in 2020/21. A dozen battery gigafactories are also due to come online. T&E said any public support given directly to carmakers must be on condition that they cease development of new combustion engines and invest in electric car production and battery supply chains. Public stimulus should also target charging infrastructure and battery manufacturing in Europe to create jobs fast.
Julia Poliscanova concluded: “Thanks to the EU CO2 targets for new cars that kicked in 2020, EV sales picked up before the pandemic. Now that dealerships are reopening and carmakers are requesting a blank cheque, EU governments should support the sector in directing demand towards the clean, zero-emission models that carmakers are already making. This is sound economic policy, good for jobs, for the climate and for the clean air we all deserve to breathe.”
Cars in the EU27 emit 45% of transport CO2 emissions and their impact is still growing. To realise the ambition of the EU Green Deal, Europe will need at least 40% of new cars to be zero-emissions in 2030, and will need to sell the last combustion engine car by 2035 at the very latest.older